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Run chaos experiments as a GitLab pipeline

This tutorial explains how you can create chaos experiments using Harness Chaos Engineering (HCE) and run them in GitLab pipelines. Chaos experiments in Harness are created the same way in the chaos engineering module, irrespective of where they are invoked from.

Before you begin

Check out the first chaos experiment that will guide you through creating a new experiment in HCE. This will provide a solid foundation for your understanding of creating experiments in HCE.

Below are the steps to run chaos experiments in GitLab pipelines.

Create a chaos experiment

Create a chaos experiment in the Harness Chaos Module. Execute this experiment to verify the configuration and ensure that the resilience probes are working as expected. The experiment ID and resilience score determined from this experiment run will be used to integrate the experiment with GitLab.

chaos experiment with ID and resilience score

Create a launch script

HCE APIs are used to invoke or launch a chaos experiment from the pipeline. To simplify creating an API call with the required secure parameters and data, a CLI tool is provided. Use this tool to create an appropriate API command to include in the pipeline script.

Below is a sample launch script.


set -e

curl -sL -o hce-api-saas

chmod +x hce-api-saas

output=$(./hce-api-saas generate --api launch-experiment --account-id=${ACCOUNT_ID} \
--project-id ${PROJECT_ID} --workflow-id ${WORKFLOW_ID} \
--api-key ${API_KEY} --file-name | jq -r '.data.runChaosExperiment.notifyID')

echo ${output}

Insert chaos experiments into .gitlab-ci.yaml

You can include the above-mentioned launch script in the GitLab pipeline as a stage or a step. In the script: section, add the scripts for launching, monitoring and retrieving results. An example is shown below.

# Insert a chaos stage where each chaos experiment is inserted as a launch script. 

chaos-job: # This job runs in the deploy stage.
stage: chaos # It only runs when *both* jobs in the test stage complete successfully.
environment: production
WORKFLOW_ID: "d7c9d243-0219-4f7c-84c2-3004e59e4505"
- apt-get update; apt-get -y install jq
- echo "Launching Chaos Experiment.."; EXPERIMENT_NOTIFY_ID=$(sh scripts/
- echo "Monitoring Chaos Experiment.."; sh scripts/ ${EXPERIMENT_NOTIFY_ID}
- echo "Deriving Resilience Score.."; ACTUAL_RESILIENCE_SCORE=$(sh scripts/ ${EXPERIMENT_NOTIFY_ID} | tr -d '"')
- echo "Obtained Resilience Score is ${ACTUAL_RESILIENCE_SCORE}"

stage: rollback
environment: production
name: bitnami/kubectl:latest
entrypoint: ['']
- *prepare_kubecontext
- echo "Attempting Rollback.."; sh scripts/ #write your own rollback logic here
needs: ["chaos-job"]
when: on_failure

The resilience score is the result of the experiment, and helps decide if a rollback job needs to be invoked.

Retrieve the resilience score

Retrieve the resilience score using the Harness Chaos API and take appropriate action in the pipeline. An example of how to use the Harness Chaos API is shown below.


set -e

curl -sL -o hce-api-saas

chmod +x hce-api-saas

resiliencyScore=$(./hce-api-saas generate --api validate-resilience-score --account-id=${ACCOUNT_ID} \
--project-id ${PROJECT_ID} --notifyID=$1 \
--api-key ${API_KEY} --file-name

echo "${resiliencyScore}"

Example end-to-end configuration

Go to GitLab demo for a sample configuration of the chaos launch script. You can include this script in the GitLab YAML file. This is a sample to include one single chaos experiment, but the same can be repeated so as to be included in multiple chaos experiments.