Clone multiple code repos in one pipeline
In addition to the pipeline's default codebase, you can use Git Clone steps to clone additional code repos into the pipeline's workspace. For example, you can use this to:
- Build multiple artifacts in the same pipeline. For example, suppose you use Packer and Ansible to build artifacts automatically, and you have separate repos for Packer, Ansible, and code. You can clone all three repos into the pipeline's workspace.
- Pull code from separate code and build repos. For example, if your code files are in a repo managed by the Engineering team and your Dockerfiles are in a different repo managed by the Security team, you can clone both repos into the pipeline's workspace.
This topic assumes you are familiar with Harness CI concepts and the general pipeline creation process.
Configure the default codebase
When you add a Build stage to a CI pipeline, you specify the Git account or repository where your code is stored. The codebase declared in a pipeline's first stage becomes the pipeline's default codebase, and this repo is cloned into the workspace automatically when the pipeline runs.
This topic uses an example pipeline to demonstrate how you can use a Git Clone step to clone a second repo into a pipeline's workspace. The example pipeline does the following:
- Specifies a repo that contains code files in the Build stage settings.
- Uses a Git Clone step to clone a separate Dockerfile repo into the workspace.
- Uses a Build and Push step builds and pushes an image using files from both repos.
The following steps explain how to create a pipeline and add a Build stage. If you already have a pipeline with a Build stage, you can skip to Add a Git Clone step.
- Select Pipelines and then select Create a Pipeline.
- Enter a Name for the pipeline and then select Start.
- In the Pipeline Studio, select Add Stage, and then select Build.
- Enter a Stage Name and make sure Clone Codebase is enabled. This tells Harness to clone the codebase into the build environment before running the steps in the stage.
- For Connector, select or create a code repo connector for one of the code repos that you want the pipeline to use.
- If Repository Name is not automatically populated, specify a repository to use for this pipeline.
- Select Set Up Stage.
- On the stage's Infrastructure tab, set up the build infrastructure.
For more information about configuring the Build stage's, go to Create and configure a codebase and CI Build stage settings.
Add the Git Clone step
Add a Git Clone step to clone a second repo into the pipeline's workspace. This step's settings are described below. Depending on the stage's build infrastructure, some settings may be unavailable.
Name, Id, and Description
Enter a Name summarizing the step's purpose. Harness automatically assigns an Id (Entity Identifier Reference) based on the Name. You can change the Id.
The Description is an optional text string.
Select a connector for the source control provider hosting the code repo that you want the step to clone.
The following topics provide more information about creating code repo connectors:
- AWS CodeCommit: Connect to an AWS CodeCommit Repo
- Azure Repos: Connect to Azure Repos
- Bitbucket: Bitbucket Connector Settings Reference
- GitLab: GitLab Connector Settings Reference
- Other Git providers:
If the connector's URL Type is Repository, then Repository Name is automatically populated based on the repository defined in the connector's configuration.
If the connector's URL Type is Account, then you must specify the name of the code repo that you want to clone into the pipeline workspace.
Build Type, Branch Name, and Tag Name
For Build Type, select Git Branch if you want the step to clone code from a specific branch within the repo, or select Git Tag if you want the step to clone code from a specific commit tag. Based on your selection, specify a Branch Name or Tag Name.
You can use fixed values, runtime input, or variable expressions for the branch and tag names. For example, you can enter
<+input> for the branch or tag name to supply a branch or tag name at runtime. You could also use expressions to match the pipeline's codebase branch or tag so that, for example, the pipeline and the Git Clone step both pull code from the same environment, such as
production when a production build runs or
development when a development build runs.
This setting applies only to the repo specified in this Git Clone step. It is separate from the
codebase object for the pipeline's Build stage. If you want this Git Clone step's repo to use the same branch or commit as the primary codebase, specify either
<+codebase.tag> for Branch Name or Tag Name. These expressions pull runtime input from the pipeline; for example, if the pipeline's primary codebase uses the
development branch, then the Git Clone step clones the
development branch from its repo. For more information, go to the Built-in CI codebase variables reference.
An optional target path in the pipeline workspace where you want to clone the repo.
You can't specify
/harness/ as a target directory for a Git Clone step because this folder is reserved for the Build stage's codebase. You can specify Shared Paths in your CI Build stage settings to share data across steps in your Build stage.
The number of commits to fetch when the step clones the repo.
For manually-triggered builds, the default depth is
50. This means each
git clone operation fetches the 50 most recent commits. For all other trigger types, the default depth is
0, which fetches all commits from the relevant branch.
For more information, go to the git clone documentation.
If True, which is the default value, the pipeline verifies your Git SSL certificates. The build fails if the certificate check fails. Set this to False only if you have a known issue with the certificate and you are willing to run your builds anyway.
If you want to use self-signed certificates in a Kubernetes Cluster build infrastructure, go to Configure a Kubernetes Build Farm to use Self-Signed Certificates
Run as User
Specify the user ID to use to run all processes in the pod if running in containers. For more information, go to Set the security context for a pod.
Set Container Resources
Set maximum resource limits for the resources used by the container at runtime:
- Limit Memory: The maximum memory that the container can use. You can express memory as a plain integer or as a fixed-point number using the suffixes
M. You can also use the power-of-two equivalents
Mi. The default is
- Limit CPU: The maximum number of cores that the container can use. CPU limits are measured in CPU units. Fractional requests are allowed; for example, you can specify one hundred millicpu as
100m. The default is
400m. For more information, go to Resource units in Kubernetes.
Set the timeout limit for the step. Once the timeout limit is reached, the step fails and pipeline execution continues. To set skip conditions or failure handling for steps, go to:
Stage setting: SSH-keyscan timeout
If your connector uses SSH authentication, you can add a
PLUGIN_SSH_KEYSCAN_TIMEOUT stage variable to override the
ssh-keyscan command's timeout limit (the default is
- In your CI pipeline, select the stage with the Git Clone step, and then select the Overview tab.
- Under Advanced, select New Variable.
- For Variable Name, enter
- Set the Type to String, and then select Save.
- Enter the desired timeout limit for the Value. This is an integer representing a number of seconds, such as
- name: PLUGIN_SSH_KEYSCAN_TIMEOUT
Add this variable to all stages where you need to override the
SSH-keyscan timeout limit.
Build an artifact from both code repos
Now that the files from both repos will be cloned into a common workspace, you can add a step to build an artifact using code from both repos, such as a Build and Push an image to Docker Registry step.
Pay attention to settings like the Dockerfile setting that assume files are located at the codebase's root directory if not otherwise specified. Depending on the default codebase, you might need to specify a non-root path for build files.
You can also use, for example, a
cp command in a Run step to move cloned files around the workspace before building an artifact.
Reference: YAML example
The following YAML example describes a pipeline that clones two code repos.
name: Clone two repos
name: build from two repos
name: clone second repo
Alternative: Use a Run step
As an alternative to the Git Clone step, you can use scripts in Run steps to clone multiple repos into a stage.
You might want to define stage variables for the names and URLs of the codebases that you clone into the workspace. These variables are accessible across all steps in the stage.
Depending on the image you use for the Run step, you might need to install Git before you clone any repos. For example, you could use this code in a Run step to install git, verify that it's working, and clone the repo with the Dockerfile needed to build an image. This example uses stage variables for the GitHub usenrame and Docker repo.
apk add git
git clone https://github.com/$GITHUB_USERNAME/$DOCKER_REPO
Move files and folders after cloning
Your pipeline's default codebase files are in the root folder, while other codebase files are in subfolders. If you run a
find or a recursive
ls in a Run step after cloning additional codebases, you see something like this:
# Files from default codebase:
87 info 4/26/2022 10:43:31 AM ./setup-be-service.sh
88 info 4/26/2022 10:43:31 AM ./default-be-template.json
89 info 4/26/2022 10:43:31 AM ./core/
90 info 4/26/2022 10:43:31 AM ./core/src/
# Files from $DOCKER_REPO codebase:
146 info 4/26/2022 10:43:31 AM ./myDockerRepo/myBackendService
147 info 4/26/2022 10:43:31 AM ./myDockerRepo/myBackendService/Dockerfile
In this example, you need to copy the DockerFile for the back-end service into the root workspace folder. For example, this
cp command assumes the DockerFiles are arranged by app repo name in the Docker repo:
cp $DOCKER_REPO/$APP_REPO/Dockerfile .
Now the Dockerfile is in the correct location to build the image, for example:
YAML example: Clone with Run step
description: Git clone, copy Dockerfile from myDockerRepo to workspace root, build image
name: Build myBackendService
# Clone Codebase is enabled, which copies all
# files and folders to the current folder.
# Before we can build an image, we need to clone the
# Docker repo and copy the corresponding Dockerfile
# to the current folder
apk add git
git clone https://github.com/$GITHUB_USERNAME/$DOCKER_REPO
# We now have Docker repo at the current folder:
# Copy Dockerfile to current folder, where the Docker Build
# step can find it:
cp $DOCKER_REPO/$APP_REPO/Dockerfile .
- name: GITHUB_USERNAME
- name: APP_REPO
- name: DOCKER_REPO